FHL - Roderick Hall Collection


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Filipinas Heritage Library (FHL)

The Filipinas Heritage Library, under the Arts & Culture Division of the Ayala Foundation, Inc. (AFI), is a one-stop electronic research center on the Philippines. We provide access to the wealth of Filipino heritage through the latest in information technology and telecommunications. The Library houses over 13,000 contemporary volumes on Philippine history, art, language, religion and the social sciences, and over 2,000 rare titles, rare books on microfiche, maps, and an extensive library of slides and photographs.

The Roderick Hall Collection is housed in the FHL. To access the collection, visit the FHL from Tuesdays to Saturdays, 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (except holidays).  For inquiries, please email asklibrarian@filipinaslibrary.org.ph

Other websites and information sources on World War II in the Philippines

Bataan Legacy

by Cecilia Gaerlan*

On December 8, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared a state of war between Japan and the United States.  And yet, the ravages of war did not reach the shores of the continental United States.  Instead, the war was fought in the former U.S. colony of the Philippines where thousands of Filipino and American soldiers as well as approximately one million Filipino civilians perished.  Manila, once called the Pearl of the Orient, became the second most devastated city in the world during World War II.  And yet today, seventy-two years later, the sacrifices of the defenders of Bataan are barely remembered, especially the Filipino defenders who made up 7/8 of the main line of resistance and died at a ratio of more than 10 to 1 compared to the American soldiers.

The Bataan Legacy Project is a series of projects created to depict the real story of World War II in the Philippines and the major role of the Filipinos during the war.  The Fall of Bataan is only remembered as the largest single surrender in U.S. military history.  What is not remembered are the sacrifices of the Filipino and American troops who were abandoned by the United States in Bataan.  Despite suffering from massive starvation and disease, the defenders of Bataan held on for four months to disrupt the timetable of the Imperial Japanese Army.  This enabled the Allied Forces to harness the necessary resources to turn the tide of war and eventually led to the defeat of the Axis Forces.  

Bataan Legacy has received Commendations, Certificates of Recognition and Letters of Support from Members of the U.S. Congress and Senate and the California Legislature.

*Cecilia Gaerlan is a Bay Area playwright/novelist/activist based in Berkeley, California.  She created the Bataan Legacy Project to address the lack of information about the role of the Filipinos during World War II in the Philippines and to seek justice for the Filipino veterans whose rights as soldiers were rescinded in 1946.   The project includes a multi-media presentation with live interviews with WW II veterans/survivors, a full-length play, In Her Mother's Image, a one-man show Breach of Faith-The Men of Bataan and anthology of stories from WW II survivors.

She is also the founder of Artis Mundi, an organization that aims to promote cross-cultural and global exchange and a better understanding of history through art, cultural and historical programs using multimedia (film, theatre, music, literature and other visual/performing arts).  Most of her plays explore the relevance of historical events in today’s world. 

Bataan Legacy Promo Film

Bataan Legacy Excerpts (May 5, 2013 at Koret Auditorium at the San Francisco Public Library)

Remember Bataan by C. Gaerlan in the magazine, Positively Filipino


Corregidor.org: Battle of Manila Online

Defenders of the Philippines

The American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor has the largest collection of documents, photos, and maps relating to the early defense of the  Philippines by the American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor and is the only repository devoted exclusively and solely to the ADBC  membership.

General Commission on Archives and History, The United Methodist Church: Guide to the Gertrude Feely Papers

Gertrude M. Feely was a Methodist Episcopal Church, South, missionary in Japan. In 1941 she went to the Philippines and during the Second World War was interned by the Japanese. Liberated in 1945, she continued working for the church until her retirement 1972.

The MacArthur Memorial

Of particular interest to researchers have been the documents on the General's tenure as Philippine Military Advisor; the unique materials on the first months of the war in the Philippines, 1941-1942; WWII; the occupation and rehabilitation of Japan; the Korean War; the message files of 1941-1951; the photographic collection; and the General's private correspondence. Certain papers of Major General Whitney, Major General Willoughby, and Lieutenant General Sutherland are also available.

Online Archive of California: Overview of the Santo Tomas Internment Camp (Manila, Philippines) Internee Executive Committee issuances

Memoranda, notices, and administrative orders, relating to living conditions in the camp.

Philippine Internment: World War II in the Philippine Islands

On December 8, 1941, Japan attacked the Philippine Islands. Thousands of Americans, British, Australians, Dutch, Canadians and other civilians were interned for more than three years. During their 3 1/2 years of internment, they were slowly starving to death. Some died, trying to escape the camps, and over 100,000 Filipinos were killed in the battle to retake Manila. This site is dedicated to the memory of all those who suffered.

Santo Tomas stock footage and images from CriticalPast.com

Drawn largely from U.S. government sources, CriticalPast contains a vast collection of vintage military and war footage, as well as 20th century propaganda and educational films from many countries. The CriticalPast war collection is second to none, and includes footage from World War I, World War II, The Korean War, The Vietnam War, and The Cold War. Other specialties include worldwide Political Figures, Industrialization, the Great Depression, Culture, Civil Rights, Transportation, Aviation, and Space.